Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.16/1397
Título: Caso electroencefalográfico: epilepsia de ausências da infância
Outros títulos: EEG case report: childhood absence epilepsy
Autor: Sá, A.
Chorão, R.
Palavras-chave: Absence epilepsy
childhood
prognosis
Data: Set-2012
Editora: Nascer e Crescer
Citação: Nascer e Crescer 2012; 21(3): 147-150
Resumo: ABSTRACT Introduction: Typical absence seizures are quite common in chidhood, in most cases fitting the criteria for childhood absence epilepsy. Differential diagnosis is mainly with inattention and focal hypomotor seizures. Response to adequate antiepileptic drug therapy is usually very good. Case report: We report a classical case of a school-age girl with many episodes per day of staring and eye rolling with a duration of some seconds. Hyperventilation during her first appointment elicited short-duration absences with slight eye blinking. The ictal video-EEG confirmed the diagnosis, showing generalized synchronous bursts of 3 Hz spike-wave discharges with a medium duration of eight seconds. The response to therapy with valproic acid was dramatic, and medication was withdrawn at the age of eleven with no recurrence of seizures. Conclusion: The most frequent epileptic syndrome with typical absences is childhood absence epilepsy. When inclusion and exclusion criteria are taken in consideration, we can expect a good prognosis, with remission by prepubertal age.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.16/1397
ISSN: 0872-0754
Aparece nas colecções:RN&C: Ano de 2012

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