Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.16/1545
Título: Pericardial and pleural effusions associated with sirolimus and discussion of possible mechanisms
Autor: Rocha, S.
Pedroso, S.
Almeida, M.
Dias, L.
Martins, L.
Castro-Henriques, A.
Cabrita, A.
Palavras-chave: Immunosuppression
kidney transplantation
lymphangiogenesis
mTOR inhibitors
rapamycin
serositis
Data: 2012
Editora: Sociedade Portuguesa de Nefrologia
Citação: Port J Nephrol Hypert 2012; 26(2): 165-169
Resumo: Sirolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, is an increasingly used immunosuppressant in solid-organ transplantation. There are an increasing number of reports of unusual oedematous adverse effects associated with this drug, including lymphoedema, ascites and pleural effusions, and a few reports of pericardial effusions. No pathophysiological explanation for these phenomena has been disclosed. We report a 33-year-old sirolimus-treated kidney transplant recipient with chronic pericardial and pleural effusions identified nine years after transplantation. He was initially treated for a presumed tuberculous pericarditis, even though cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were negative. After 12 months of antitubercular therapy, visceral effusions persisted. Pericardial effusion was drained and stabilised. After exclusion of other causes, sirolimus toxicity was considered the most likely cause. Two months after discontinuation of sirolimus, visceraleffusions disappeared. Interaction of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors with mediators of lymphangiogenesis may be a common link in oedematous states associated with sirolimus.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.16/1545
ISSN: 2183-1289
Versão do Editor: http://www.spnefro.pt/RPNH/PDFs/n2_2012/artigo_005.pdf
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